Dornier Pfeil Do-335 B-2 Zerstörer

The Dornier Do 335 Pfeil ("Arrow") was a World War II heavy fighter built by the Dornier company. The Pfeil's performance was much better than other twin-engine designs due to its unique "push-pull" layout and the much lower aerodynamic drag of the in-line alignment of the two engines. It was Germany's fastest piston-engined aircraft of World War II.[2][page needed] The Luftwaffe was desperate to get the design into operational use, but delays in engine deliveries meant that only a handful were delivered before the war ended.


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 The use of a nose-mount annular radiator for the forward engine (much like a Jumo 211-powered Ju 88, or Jumo 213-powered Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9) and a ventral-fuselage mount airscooped radiator installation for cooling the rear engine (appearing like that on a P-51 Mustang) was distinctive

The Dornier Do 335 B-2 was a proposed single-seat destroyer aircraft. Fitted with 2 additional MK 103 in the wings and two 300 litre (80 US gal) auxiliary fuel tanks.

Two Do 335 B prototypes, M13 and M14, were assembled and flown.*



Professor Friedrich Lachner, assistant for twenty years to Professor Heinrich Mache at the Department for Technical Physics at the University of Vienna, wrote a letter from exile in Argentina a few years ago to German researchers, Mayer and Mehner, claiming Germany produced 15 nukes.

-- Edgar Mayer and Thomas Mehner, "Hitler und die, Bombe" [Rottenburg: Kopp Verlag, 2002]

These were tactical nukes, based directly on the Nazi patents of Dr Erich Schumann and Dr Walter Trinks in 1942. Warheads weighed 4k. with about 0.5 kiloton yields, of which two were captured by the Soviets.

Nazi patents hidden in the personal papers of Dr Walter Trinks detail a  warhead using just 150 grams of Uranium 233, which would make a marble sized warhead core.

Enough is known about this nuclear warhead to say that it was a small boosted fission weapon weighing. It had two opposed hollow charges with conical Lithium liners containing a small marble of Uranium at the centre in a vacuum. the marble was coated with a Deuterite in order to ignite a fusion reaction to boost fission.

Werner Heisenberg was the head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft [Institute], which was not at the heart of the Nazi bomb project. The Army Ordnance Dept [Heereswaffenamt] was. It was led by Kurt Diebner and he was contracted to run specific trials at Kummersdorf in 1942 experimenting with miniature tactical nuclear weapons using hollow charge explosives.

A WW2 He-177 pilot, Peter Brill, a few years ago came forward at a reunion and mentioned he had been stationed at Werneuchen [which trained night fighter flying]  in 1944 to train as a celestial navigator  in preparation for a planned He-177 attack on New York.

In May 1944 the British repatriated General der Panzertruppe Hans Cramer, reportedly because of his problems with asthma, to meet with Hitler and convey a warning that Churchill was contemplating dropping Anthrax over Germany unless Hitler abandoned his nuclear project.  

It is also referred to by Dr Paul Harteck in Farm Hall transcripts 6-7 August 1945; also in "Virus House" by David  Irving




Rainer Karlsch reveals in his book, "Hitlers Bombe", that in July 1944 Dr. Erich Schumann was warned to halt all work on the Nazi atomic bomb. 

A letter from Professor Paul Harteck to Josef Borkin, concerns Allied threats in 1944 to force abandonment of nuclear weapons project, and  Japanese signals reveal Soviet threats to use poison gas against Germany.

On 5 August 1944, Hitler, Ribbentrop and Keitel  met with Romania's Marshall  Antonescu and discussed the tremendous destructive power of Germany's new "Wonder Weapon".  Hitler described Germany’s latest work on "new explosives, whose development was already advanced to the experimental stage". Hitler stated he would not use this weapon until Germany could adequately defend itself against similar weapons of the Allies.

Antonescu, when arrested by the Russians and questioned for war crimes, later quoted Hitler  saying:

"These weapons, for example, have such colossal force that all human life is destroyed within three, or four kilometres of its point of impact".

By late 1944, Germany lacked air superiority over its own skies and German bombers could not survive over British airspace during 1944, except for a few fast non-precision night attacks by He-177 bombers which had to dive from great height over Europe and escape at sea level. Bombing the UK was not a possibility by then, the last Luftwaffe reconnaissance flight over England was on 10 April 1945 by an Arado 234.and Hitler was well aware he was unable to defend against streams of Allied bombers and was quite distressed at the prospect of high flying B-29s armed with atomic bombs as Germany had no real high altitude fighters operational until the Ta-152H came on strength in March 1945..

The Reich Air Ministry [RLM] first learned of the American B-29 'Superfortress' heavy bomber in late 1942. These concerns were heightened in in March/April 1944, when YB-29 'Hobo Queen,' painted in European Theatre Operations ETO green camouflage, made a well-publicised appearance at RAF Bovingdon, which had been mentioned in an American-published "Sternenbanner" German language propaganda leaflet from Leap Year Day in 1944, meant to be circulated within the Reich. There were at one time plans to equip 9 Groups with the B-29 in the U.K. replacing the B-24 and having bases in Northern Ireland.

The B-29 was spotted by the Germans overflying Austria in daylight far too high to intercept. It remained in the U.K. until returning to the USA on 10 May 1944. 

The performance estimates of this aircraft were a cause for great concern in the Luftwaffe. The B-29 had a maximum speed of around 560 km/h [348 mph)] and would attack in a cruise at about 360 km/h [224 mph] at 8,000-10,000 m [26,247-32,810 ft], an altitude where no current Luftwaffe aircraft was effective, and for which the only effective Wehrmacht anti-aircraft gun was the rarely-deployed 12.8 cm FlaK 40, which could effectively fire to an altitude of 14,800 metres [48,600 ft].

To counter the B-29, the Luftwaffe would need new day fighters and bomber destroyers with greatly enhanced performance at extreme altitude. The fighter chosen was the Focke-Wulf Ta 152H. This was based on the Fw 190D with longer wings and the new high-altitude "E" model of the Junkers Jumo 213 engine.

An alternative was the Messerschmitt Me 155B, a long-winged development of the Bf 109 which had already undergone several stages of design and would ultimately be built in prototype form by Blohm & Voss. The centre-line thrust twin Dornier Do 335, powered with two of the competing Daimler-Benz DB 603 engines also offered a service ceiling of some 11,400 m [37,500 ft], but the promising Dornier heavy fighter and 'Zerstörer' was still under development solely with prototype airframes flying, and the first production examples expected to enter operational service late in 1944.

For the bomber destroyer and night fighter roles, the Ta 154 and Heinkel He 219 had the performance needed to catch the bomber; however, both designs only gained that performance by mounting low aspect ratio wings which were inadequate for flight at high altitude and resultantly produced too high a wing loading. 

In development was the Ju 388 'Störtebeker' a multi-role aircraft based on the Ju 88 airframe by way of the Ju 188. It differed from its predecessors in being intended for high altitude operation, with design features such as a pressurized cockpit for its crew.

By the summer of it 1944, it was clear that B-29 bombers were being sent to the Pacific and would not be operating over Germany anytime soon.


There were, howerever,  two threats which apparently caused Hitler to commence peace negotiations in Lisbon in December 1944,  with the prospect of a separate peace in the West but continuing to fight the Soviets in the East. There appears to have been at the very least some humoring of Hitler if not an actual agreement for capitulation to US forces.
In August 1944, Churchill warned Hitler via Antonescu that the RAF would deliver Anthrax spores all over Germany,  if a single German nuclear weapon was used against the British isles. . Germany had no antibiotics and would have faced starvation within 2 weeks had Anthrax been used.

Evidence of Anthrax attack threat to force Hitler to abandon nuclear weapons:

-- Bernhard Kröner,  Rolf-Dieter Müller & Hans Umbreit "Germany and the Second World War" Volume I, Part 1
Organization and Mobilization of the German Sphere of Power
Wartime administration, economy, and manpower resources 1942-1944

Andreas Hillgruber, ed., "Staatsmänner und Diplomaten bei Hitler: Vertrauliche Aufzeichnungen 1939-1941, über die Unterredungen mit Vertretern des Auslandes" 

It is also referred to by Dr Paul Harteck in Farm Hall transcripts 6-7 August 1945; also in "Virus House" by David  Irving.

"During July 1944 Heisenberg was visited in Berlin by Maj Bernd von Brauchitsch, Göring’s adjutant, with a report that the German legation in Lisbon had learned of an American threat to drop an Atomic Bomb on Dresden during the next six weeks if Germany did not sue for peace in some way before then". 


 -- Irving, David, "Virus House": Abandonment of nuclear research under threat of retaliation by USA via Lisbon to bomb Dresden'

-- Operation "Epsilon" [conversation between Karl Wirtz, von Weizsäcker and Heisenberg 6-7 August 1945] National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD, RG 77, Entry 22, Box 164 [Farm Hall Transcripts].

The USA was anxious about OSS intelligence reports it had been receiving since 1943 discussing advances in the German Atomic bomb and preparations to use Tabun B nerve gas.

in  the secretly recorded Farm Hall transcripts of conversations between German Atomic scientists in August 1945, it was also discussed between Heisenberg and Harteck in British captivity. 

-- Operation “Epsilon” [ 6-7 August 1945] National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD, RG 77, Entry 22, Box 164 [Farm Hall Transcripts]

-- "Germany and the Second World War" by Bernhard R. Kröner, Rolf-Dieter Müller, Hans Umbreit, Oxford University Press, 2003

The German "Transozean Press Agency" published details of the Manhattan project widely in Germany during October 1944. The Manhattan Project itself may have operated discreetly but US nuclear aims and objectives were no secret and were known by Germany in 1939,  since Heisenberg's visit to USA that year where he was approached to help USA develop an atomic bomb.

It is more than likely there were such threats made and there were probably some form of secret peace feelers in 1944.

Hitler had first proposed during early 1940 through US envoy Sumner Welles some form of armistice with Britain and France and settlement over Poland so that Germany could be free to deal with Russia and this was revived several times during the War including the famous flight of Rudolf Hess to Scotland in 1941.

Hitler again explored in late 1944 the prospect of a separate peace in the West but continuing to fight the Soviets in the East. There appears to have been at the very least some humoring of Hitler if not an actual agreement for capitulation to US forces. 

Evidence in PRO file WO.208/4178, GRGG 341, is a report of secretly recorded conversations by Maj General Walter Dornberger with fellow German Generals, at the internment camp CSDIC Camp 11, which was entered in evidence at Nuremberg trials. Dornberger had commented that Hitler intended to use V-2s, fitted with the Schumann-Trinks designed tactical nuclear weapon.  

In a previously classified document by the "Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Air Forces Target Intelligence Section", reference is made to a bomb with a destructive effect of several kilometres and a radioactive warhead for the V-2. 

Dornberger went on to describe secret surrender talks which he and von Braun had at Lisbon in December 1944.

"In late 1943 Roosevelt had sent Moe Berg as a special OSS envoy to Rome whilst it was still under German occupation. Wernher von Braun's brother Sigismund was a diplomat at the Vatican and private talks were held there which resulted in further talks between Wernher von Braun and two GEC officials at Lisbon in December 1944".

-- "The Secret History of the Rockets and Flying Craft of the Third Reich" by Friederich Georg. English language edition published by Helion & Company Ltd. in the UK citing a previously classified document by the Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Air Forces Target Intelligence Section.

General Electric funded the Mittelwerke underground V-2 factory and owned EMW the company which ran Peenemünde, through it's subsidiary AEG. Indeed by late 1944 General Electric International had struck a deal for the surrender of Penemünde scientists and engineers to US forces.

So important was upholding that deal that when 450 rocket engineers [including Dornberger and Braun] were imprisoned at military barracks in Oberammergau, SS Lt General Dr Hans Kammler led an armed party of SS to free them and drive them to the American lines near Oberjoch on 27 April 1945, where they came in contact with the 772th Tank Batalion at Reutte.

As to the threat to bomb Dresden in 1944, the U.S. expected to have sufficient Plutonium for their first bomb in 1944, however the first operation of the Hanford B reactor resulted in severe Xenon-135 poisoning of the reactor. It had to be de-fueled and restarted with fresh fuel which delayed Plutonium production until the end of 1944.

The nuclear attack on Dresden that was planned, was only withdrawn in October 1944.

Hitler promptly canceled all bomber construction and abandoned plans for a major offensive in October 1944 intended to use nukes and stockpiled Tabun B nerve gas deployed by the Arado 234-C5 bomber or Dornier 217P/He-277.

Douglas Dietrich was librarian of the U.S. Department of Defense, responsible for the destruction of archived WW2 records in the Presidio military base in San Francisco, claims to have destroyed documents about German use of tactical nukes against the Soviets in Pomerania at the end of WW2.

An American Intelligence report dated 15 June 1945 about German  Technical Transfer to Japan during WW2, noted the interrogation of  Japanese officer who disclosed during 1944 Germany had transferred  details of a matchbox sized warhead with a blast radius of 1200 metres.

During January 1945 Japan began manufacturing their own V-2 rockets at the Mukden Arsenal in order to arm it with these sub kiloton nuclear warheads, as a tactical threat.  




Rheinbote [Rhine Messenger] was a German short range ballistic rocket developed by Rheinmetall-Borsig at Berlin-Marienfelde during World War II. It was intended to replace, or at least supplement, large-bore artillery by providing fire support at long ranges in an easily transportable form.


One of the problems for the German military, and indeed any mobile military force, is the weight of the artillery and, more importantly, its ammunition supply. Battlefield rockets were intended to circumvent the problems, which led to the development of Rheinbote. The Rheinbote was the successor of the earlier Rheintochter [Rhine Maiden].

Developed in 1943 by the Rheinmetall-Borsig company, Rheinbote was a four-stage solid-fuelled rocket, and the only long-range battlefield ballistic missile to enter service in World War II. The first test flights were carried out that year. Several changes were made to the system, but the basic design remained the same. It measured 11.4 m [37 ft 5 in], with fins at the tail and one set of additional fins at each stage. The propellant was a diglycol dinitrate mix, which enable test models to achieve 6,800 km/h [4,200 mph; 3,700 kmh], the fastest rocket of the period.

The Rheinbote carried a 40 kg [88 lb] warhead [just 6.5% of the missile's total weight] to a height of 78,000 m [256,000 ft], for an effective range of 160 km [99 mi; 86 nmi]; it reached over 220 km [140 mi; 120 nmi] in testing. For shorter ranges, some of the stages could be removed. It was launched from a simple rail on a mobile trailer, based on the one used to transport the V-2. It was aimed simply by pointing the trailer and elevating the launch gantry; guidance was based on careful aiming of the launcher, with each stage of the missile having six slightly canted fins which caused the missile to spin, reducing inaccuracies.
In autumn 1944 talks were held between the Leiter der Einsatzleitung Heeresartillerieabteilung 709, Lieutenant Colonel Tröller, and SS-Obergruppenführer Kammler on the use of the 'Rheinbote' for a nuclear payload.


In "The Memoirs of Felix Kersten" [1947] Kersten, Himmler's trusted physiotherapist recorded that one of the last conversations he had with Himmler was about a "secret weapon," more powerful than the V-1 and V-2 rockets, that was to end the war. "One or two shots and cities like New York or London will simply vanish from the earth". He was told of a village built near Auschwitz where the new weapon was tried out. Twenty thousand Jewish men, women, and children were brought to live there. A single shell according to Himmler caused 6,000 degrees of heat and everything and everybody there was burned to ashes. Kersten assumed that the Germans had nearly completed constructing an atomic bomb. [Himmler's startling revelations are unconfirmed].

An incurable lung disease brought Otto Skorzeny to Heidelberg in 1975 for medical treatment. There, Hans-Ulrich Rudel and Waldemar Schütz were his last comrades, visiting him before his return to Spain eight days before his death. He told them on this occasion about his visit in the Führerhauptquartier in the autumn of 1944, when the Führer was ill and received him at his bed. The Führer told him that day that Germany had not built the atom bomb, because he did not want to take the responsibility for mankind being destroyed by such a "Teufelswerk":

"Do you know Mr Skorzeny, that the energy which will be freed through the splitting of the atom's nucleus and the additional radioactivity from such a bomb might destroy our planet? .... The effects would be dreadful. Even if one could control the radioactivity and could use atom splitting as a weapon the results would be dreadful. When Dr. Todt visited me I read that the energy set free by such a bomb could destroy the whole of Arizona or make as big a crater as the meteor had caused in Siberia. That means that all life within such an area would be destroyed, not only humans but all life. Animals and plants would not be able to live within a radius of 40 km for hundreds of years due to radiation. That would mean an Apocalypse. No land, no group of civilized people could bear the responsibility for such a slaughter. In battle after battle human beings would destroy themselves if such a bomb were used. Only in remote places like Amazonia and the jungles of Sumatra would people have a chance of surviving such a bomb".

-- Otto Skorzeny: "Meine Kommandounternehmen" [My Commando Adventures]

Hitler did personally visit and address the officers of the German Ninth Army, operating in that precise area, on 13 March 1945:

"We have invisible aircraft, submarines, colossal tanks and cannon, unbelievably powerful rockets, and a bomb with a working that will astonish the whole world. The enemy knows this, and besieges and attempts to destroy us. But we will answer this destruction with a storm and that without unleashing a bacteriological war, for which we are also prepared.... All my words are the purest truth. That you will see. We still have things that need to be finished, and when they are finished, they will turn the tide". 



Germany was also threatened by USA via Lisbon in July 1944 with the nuclear destruction of Dresden unless Hitler sued for peace.

"During July 1944 Heisenberg was visited in Berlin by Maj Bernd von Brauchitsch, Göring’s adjutant, with a report that the German legation in Lisbon had learned of an American threat to drop an Atomic Bomb on Dresden during the next six weeks if Germany did not sue for peace in some way before then". 


 -- Irving, David. "Virus House. 'Abandonment of nuclear research under threat of retaliation by USA via Lisbon to bomb Dresden'

-- Operation "Epsilon" [conversation between Karl Wirtz, von Weizsäcker and Heisenberg 6-7 August 1945] National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD, RG 77, Entry 22, Box 164 [Farm Hall Transcripts].


At the Nuremberg Trials the British produced Maj General Walter Dornberger secretly recorded conversations he had with other German generals during British internment at CSDIC camp 11.

Dornberger described secret surrender talks which he and Wernher von Braun had at Lisbon in December 1944.

"In late 1943 Roosevelt had sent Moe Berg as a special OSS envoy to Rome whilst it was still under German occupation. Von Braun's brother Sigismund was a diplomat at the Vatican and private talks were held there which resulted in further talks between Von Braun and two GEC officials at Lisbon in December 1944".

 -- Friederich Georg, "The Secret History of the Rockets and Flying Craft of the Third Reich" . English language edition published by Helion & Company Ltd. in the UK citing previously classified document by the Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Air Forces Target Intelligence Section.



























Charles Lindbergh, Alexis Carrel, Henry Ford:
Mass Murderers of the 'Unfit'

Each of these men -- Lindbergh, Carrel, Ford, --- were 'heroes' in their way

They were also sociopaths whom hated their fellow man (at least they hated the non-'Nordic" race fellows). They were full partners and partisans in the holocaust. Extensive documentation exists showing these three were common collaborators with each other, and with the Nazi Party of Adolf Hitler. As Eugenists, they were believers of racial purity before Adolf Hitler. As war approached each took their collaboration undercover, made public pretense of renunciation of 'past mistakes', and became "Fifth Columnists" undermining the timely aversion to war. 

Hitler struggled to write Mein Kampf, but his struggle was made less by the generous body of anti-Jewish literature that Henry Ford had created. Hitler quoted Ford's The International Jew: The World's Foremost Problem extensively in Mein Kampf, thereby suffering less struggle to fill blank pages with writing. For most of his life Hitler had a life-size portrait of Ford in his office.


Alexis Carrel was an early eugenist of the worst sort. He believed in elimination of the inferior races through forced sterilization, through forcible imprisonment ("confinement" = prison = camps or reservations), and through euthanasia.


Carrel published a book in 1935 suggesting publicly the use of lethal gas to exterminate the unworthy. Carrel owned an otherwise uninhabited island, and sold a piece for the Lindberghs to build a house. In Anne Lindbergh's diaries she discloses the racial purification philosophy of Carrel and her husband, the many conversations on the subject.


Charles Lindbergh chose to defuse public opposition the rise of the Third Reich through conspicuous trading on his fame. He was the most public of this trio, scaring Britain and the US into appeasement of Hitler by falsely claiming the Luftwaffe was more powerful than it actually was at the time. After Germany invaded Poland in 1939, Lindbergh resigned his commission as a colonel in the U.S. Army Air Corps on September 14, 1939 to campaign as a private citizen for the antiwar America First Committee. He served as the public figurehead for mass movements to remain neutral from the war in Europe, giving Hitler time to consolidate his gains.


Beyond these three men were many others: rich, powerful, connected. IBM, ITT, General Motors, Du Pont, International Harvester, Standard Oil -- many more industrialists were enlisted for war profiteering. The "common plan" was racism at home to divert from racism over there: the Ku Klux Klan made a resurgence with terrorism and anti-immigration laws. Jews were denied immigration, and had nowhere to flee the holocaust.


Nazi recruiters worked openly in Ford's Detroit factory right up to the eve of America's entry into the war. Agents of the wealthy, such as John McCloy, Allen and John Foster Dulles, worked to erase evidence before, during and after the war. McCloy was instrumental in keeping allied bombers from disrupting Auschwitz or rail service to it during the war, then afterwards pardoned I.G. Farben executives convicted at Nuremberg. The Dulles brothers set up I.G. Farben partnerships with US bankrollers, concealed treason, erased records, went on to fame and power in the US government.


Hitler's ghost is present in the assembly lines of America's automotive manufacturers. From 1939 to 1942, Ford Motor Company produced thousands of combat vehicles for the Nazi's at its Cologne, Germany production facility reaping enormous profits that would ultimately be used to design the next-generation of Fords driven by Americans in the 1950's. During the height of WWII, Ford shipped raw materials from America to the Cologne plant to ensure that production would not be interrupted by Allied bombing and that Hitler would remain a happy customer. According to Ken Silverstein, Ford vehicles were crucial to the revolutionary Nazi military strategy of Blitzkrieg. Of the 350,000 trucks used by the motorized German Army as of 1942, roughly one-third were Ford products. Imagine the surprise of American troops when they saw the enemy -- the Wehrmacht driving around in Ford vehicles. "They were understandably an unpleasant sight to men in the US Army," reported Silverstein


If "ordinary men" could become butchers and mass murderers, why do you believe that the rich and powerful cannot?

Throughout the 1930's, The Ford Motor Company was notorious for its ruthless practices. Ford's chief investigator, Harry Bennett, had emerged as a major influence on company policy. Bennett created a Gestapo-like agency of thugs and spies to crack down on potential threats to Ford, such as union men. "To those who have never lived under a dictatorship," reflected one employee, "it is difficult to convey the sense of fear which is part of the Ford system."


"That Henry Ford, the famous automobile manufacturer gave money to the National Socialists directly or indirectly has never been disputed," said Konrad Heiden, one of the first biographers of Hitler. Novelist Upton Sinclair wrote in The Flivver King, a book about Ford, that the Nazis got forty-thousand dollars from Ford to reprint anti-Jewish pamphlets in German translations, and that an additional $300,00 was later sent to Hitler through a grandson of the ex-Kaiser who acted as an intermediary. The US Ambassador to Germany, William E. Dodd, said in an interview that "certain American industrialists had a great deal to do with bringing fascist regimes into being in both Germany and Italy." At the time of Dodd's criticisms, the general public was aware that he was speaking of Ford because the press made a direct association between Dodd's statements and other reports of Ford's anti-Semitism.


It is true that the Ford Motor Company was a haven for Nazi sympathizers. Detective Casmir Paler wrote to Professor Nathan Isaacs in 1937 that "Henry Ford and his subordinates Ernest G. Liebold, WJ. Cameron, and others have turned the Ford Motor Company Chemical Department into the headquarters of the Nazis here". Ford tool and die maker; John T. Wiandt, distributed literature of the pro-Nazi National Worker's League to his fellow Ford workers. "I have an audience every lunch hour," he proudly told an interviewer. Signs were left in various employee areas which proclaimed that "Jews are traitors to America and should not be trusted- Buy Gentile," "Jews destroy Christianity," and "Jews Control The Press. The American Nazi Party's first president, Heinz Spanknöbel, had been an employee at the Ford Motor Company. Fritz Kuhn, leader of the pro-Nazi German-American Bund, worked at Ford off and on from 1928 until 1936. Harry Bennett once confessed to the FBI that Kuhn had been caught during work hours "practicing speeches in a dark room".


To combat growing public criticism, The Ford Company issued a statement in 1937 which declared "that inasmuch as Mr. Ford has always extended to Ford employees the fullest freedom from any coercion with respect to their views on political, religious, or social activities, they cannot be reproved by us for exercising such liberties". Ford's active anti-Semitism had been quite disturbing throughout the 1920's; he  paid for copies of the racist hoax Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion to be deposited in major U.S. libraries. However, he was equally unsettling in the 1930's due to his passive behavior towards its consequences.


Ford courted further controversy through his business ventures in Germany. In 1938, The German Ford Motor Company opened a plant in Berlin whose "real purpose," according to U.S. Army Intelligence, was producing "troop transport-type" vehicles for the German Army. Ford, however; refused an offer to build aircraft engines in England. According to Harry Bennett, Ford became anti-British after he overheard Winston Churchill ridicule farming. However; he considered the German people to be "clean, thrifty, hard-working, and technologically advanced" and he admired them for that. The German Ford worker's employee publication contained such propaganda as: "At the beginning of this year we vowed to give our best and utmost for final victory, in unshakable faithfulness to our Führer. Today we say with pride that we succeeded".


Henry Ford's reward from Hitler finally came on July 30, 1938, when on his seventy-fifth birthday he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Supreme Order of the German Eagle. Ford was the first American and the fourth person in the world to receive this medal, which was the highest decoration that could be given to any non-German citizen. Benito Mussolini had been decorated with the same honor earlier that year.


Hitler had created the award himself as the highest honor a foreigner could receive from the Nazi government. The award consisted of a Maltese cross studded with four eagles and four swastikas, and came with Hitler's personal congratulations. 


The presentation was made in Ford's Dearborn office by the German Counsul on Cleveland, Karl Kapp, and Consul Fritz Hailer of Detroit.  The decoration was given "in recognition of [Ford's] pioneering in making motor cars available for the masses."


Cover of the Berliner Illustrirerte Zeitung 
April 20, 1939 edition
(the Führer’s  50th birthday)
capturing all of the radiance and eye power
that has often been called hypnotic



On Hitler's birthday in 1939, the German Ford Company sent him a gift of 50,000 Marks as a token of its loyalty.

Ford is actually the only American that Hitler even mentions in his book Mein Kampf. In his book, Entnazifizierung in Bayern the German author, Niethammer, suggests that the "failure" of the Americans to bomb the Ford car plant outside Cologne, was all a part of a "capitalist plot" of some kind. Many other well-researched authors have since drawn exactly the same conclusion. By 1941, the Ford Werke plant became one of the largest suppliers of military vehicles to the German Army.


In that same year, James Mooney, the General Motors executive in charge of European operations also received the Grand Service Cross of the Golden Eagle award. Coincidentally, his firm had also invested very heavily in Germany. In 1929, General Motors had bought up 80% of the German automobile firm of Opel. The same Golden Eagle  award was presented by Herman Göring to the wildly popular (and coincidentally, very wealthy, and highly politically 'connected') American aviation hero, Charles Lingbergh, in October, 1938, during his third visit to Germany.


The Nazis were an Organized Crime ring of thugs, whose worship of the God of Gold is no different from Industrialists. The sociopathic serial murders and mass murders are merely differences of slight degree. It took a Henry Ford to teach Hitler how to put murder on an assembly line basis, and provide him with one third of all the trucks used by the Nazi war machine.


Fascism is on the march today in America. Millionaires are marching to the tune. It will come in this country unless a strong defence is set up by all liberal and progressive forces... A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant our democratic government, and is working closely with the fascist regime in Germany and Italy. Aboard ship a prominent executive of one of America's largest financial corporations told me point blank that if the progressive trend of the Roosevelt administration continued, he would be ready to take definite action to bring fascism to America.

Former U.S. ambassador to Germany William Dodd in 1938