The documents I had before me... contained firsthand evidence that the Reichsleiter had survived the war and succeeded in escaping to Argentina. It was attested by the Argentine authorities themselves, in highly classified intelligence reports and positions papers drawn up for their own secret and official use.
~Ladislas Farago, Aftermath; Martin Bormann and the Fourth Reich
As the war turned irrevocably against the Third Reich, top Nazi leaders began to plan for the future, among them the Reichsleiter Martin Bormann, Hitler's secretary and virtual shadow, and financial administrator of the Party's, as well as of Hitler's own personal and considerable, fortune.
While much of this story is known to the general public in broad outline, few appreciate the degree of organization, planning, and success it had, and, unfortunately, may be continuing to have. Even fewer appreciate its significance, for what began in the secret societies of post-World War One Germany as the most explosive political movement in modern history would end by once again going underground, and operating behind a variety of false fronts that included corporations, black projects, secret societies, and criminal and paramilitary syndicates. It would thus exercise a considerable, though hidden, moral and cultural influence on the world that emerged after World War Two.
With the failure of the final large German offensive in Soviet Russia at Kursk in 1943, the Nazi leadership had but two courses of action: (1) continue the war and hope for the realization of their secret weapons projects in time to provide a military resuscitation, or (2) begin the process of moving capital, technology, and personnel to ensure the survival of the Party by other means. The Nazi leadership chose both courses of action.
At first the movement of resources abroad - monetary, technological, and human - proceeded haphazardly. Money and loot from a plundered Europe made its way into secret Swiss bank accounts, or in the case of hard assets - precious minerals, bullion, art, diamonds and other gemstones and so on - made its way overland through France into "neutral" but decidedly pro-Axis Nationalist Spain.
But it soon became apparent that haphazard efforts would not ensure the survival of the Party, nor the furtherance of its ideals, nor the spread of its power in the postwar world, nor the continuance of its research projects, which would have to be continued if it ever hoped to regain power and influence. Organization and long-range planning in depth and breadth had to occur if Nazism were to survive covertly. To this end, Reichsleiter Martin Bormann orchestrated a top secret meeting on August 10, 1944, at the Hotel Rotes Haus in Strassburg, in occupied France.
Representatives of all the major German industrial and armaments firms were present, including the huge firms of Krupp, Thyssen, and of course, I.G. Farben. Also present were Bormann himself, Hjalmar Schacht, president of the Reichsbank, and his son-in-law, the famous SS commando, Colonel Otto Skorzeny, leader of the daring air mission to rescue Benito Mussolini in 1943. At this meeting, "provisions were made not only to move great sums of money outside Germany but also to camouflage foreign assets on paper for the resurrection of a financial-industrial empire, of sorts, once the Reich collapsed. This empire was to be controlled by the SS." [Henry Stevens, The Last Battalion and German Arctic, Antarctic, and Andean Bases]
As a result of this plan, the well-known SS-run ratlines were formed to assist fleeing SS and other Nazis, to provide for their financial security, relocation, and false identities. The most famous of these was of course the ODESSA group, or the Organization Der Ehemahlige SS Angehörigen, or "Organization of Former SS Members." Another famous organization was "Die Spinne" or The Spider. In any case, under the Reichsleiter's powerful protection, the SS, in concert with the Kriegsmarine, began to smuggle enormous quantities of gold, precious gems, art and both genuine and counterfeit cash out of Germany. To a lesser extent, machine tools, steel, technicians and other personnel began to be quietly siphoned off Germany industry and smuggled out of Europe.
The financial treasure trove was then laundered by the SS via a variety of methods, for example, through Evita Peron's Swiss bank accounts, through dummy corporations, through the South American drug trade, and so on. During this immediate postwar period, most of this fortune was controlled by Otto Skorzeny.
The German industrialists who had been set up abroad with SS money dating back to the deal at the Rotes Haus in Strassbourg in 1944 were asked by Skorzeny to pay back their loans. Both Thyssen and Krupp did so, as presumably did others. To give the reader an idea of the sums collected by Skorzeny, Eva Peron alone had an estimated $800 million dollars in bank deposits, in 1945, and 4,600 carats of diamonds and other precious stones, 90 kilograms of platinum and 2,500 kilograms of gold.
With these monies, the SS purchased huge tracts of land in South America and elsewhere, and large corporations were established in which "research which had begun in Germany could be carried through." These "secure areas" or Sperrgebiete often saw the establishment of whole towns, airfields, highways and all the amenities of civilized German life. Local security was, of course, provided by the SS or "contract labor" from the host country.
The most famous of these colonies, perhaps, is the Colona Dignidad, a "colony" notorious for the disappearances of the too-inquisitive reporter, and implicated in the US overthrow of the Chilean Marxist government of Salvadore Allende in the early 1970s and the training of Chilean dictator Pinochet's DINA "interrogators." [Q.v. Peter Levenda, Unholy Alliance: A History of Nazi Involvement with the Occult] And of course, these secure areas in the Andes and other remote South American locations are also reputed to b the sites of secret Nazi laboratories continuing the research on "flying saucers" and other wartime Nazi black projects.
Whatever one may think of the truthfulness of the last allegation, it is true - and generally well known - that such colonies of Nazis did and still do exist in South America, with connections to the South American underworld and governments that one can only imagine. But there is good reason not to dismiss even the "continued research" allegation too quickly, for it conforms to a well-known pattern of secret post-war West German corporate and military research on the continent on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, Africa.
The Birth of the Fourth Reich
[ ... ]
In the final months of his administration, President Jimmy Carter accused South Africa's apartheid government of having tested an atom bomb in the Indian Ocean. German and American newspaper reporters quickly uncovered - in spite of Praetoria's denials - a tapestry of corporations and dummy corporations that clearly led back to West Germany's Bundeswehr, and to a multitude of personnel and military officers with ties to the Third Reich. The goal was clear: The Federal Republic was supplying massive technological assistance to South Africa (and to Israel as it turned out) in the areas of uranium enrichment and plutonium transmutation via centrifuges and other processes, in return for which uranium-rich South Africa bartered the raw atomic fuel itself. Germany could thus fulfill its postwar treaty obligations by not developing or deploying atomic, biological, or chemical weapons on German soil, while at the same time using South Africa to construct and test a bomb of essentially German design. [The often overlooked story of the West German bomb and its very secret development was covered in the New York Times book by Zdenek Cervenka and Barbara Rogers, The Nuclear Axis: the Secret Collaboration Between West Germany and South Africa]
If it all sounds familiar, it is, for after World War One, Germany side-stepped the Versailles treaty -which forbade the Germans possession of tanks, aircraft, and heavy artillery beyond a certain caliber - by concluding a secret protocol in the Rapallo treaty with the other pariah of the day, the Soviet Union. Thus, as early as 1922, German officers were training in tank warfare in the Soviet Union with their Russian counterparts, among them the future Colonel-General Guderian who would lead the Second Panzer Army during Operation Barbarossa to the very gates of Moscow.
In yet another important study [Leonard Horowitz, D.M.D., M.A., M.P.H., Emerging Viruses: AIDS and Ebola: Nature, Accident, or Intentional?] challenging the standard assumptions of the origin and transmission vector of the human AIDS virus and the history of the discovery of HIV, Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz makes a solid case for its genesis within secret American biological warfare research at Fort Detrick, Maryland. But there is more to Horowitz's investigations than this, for there is a German connection lurking deep in the background, and once again, it goes back to Bormann and presages the 1944 Rotes Haus meeting in Strasbourg:
In the Spring of 1944, Merck and Company, Inc. received a large cash infusion from Martin Bormann.... This at the time Merck's president, George W. Merck, was advising President Roosevelt, and initiating strategies, as America's biological weapons industry director. According to CBS News correspondent Paul Manning, the lion's share of the Nazi gold went to 750 corporations, largely including Merck, to secure a virtual monopoly over the world's chemical and pharmaceutical industries. This was done not only for Germany's economic recovery, but to assure the rise of "The Fourth Reich.'
Merck, then, along with Rockefeller partner I.G. Farben, received huge sums of money from the Nazi war chest to actualize Hitler's proclaimed 'vision of a thousand-year Third Reich (and) world empire. This was outlined with clarity in a document called 'Neuordnung,' or 'New Order,' that was accompanied by a letter of transmittal to the (Bormann led) Ministry of Economics. 'Bury your treasure,' Hitler advised Bormann, 'for you will need it to begin a Fourth Reich.'
Bormann apparently ignored his Führer, and in a momentary burst of Christianity, heeded Christ by not burying his treasure, but investing and increasing it.
In any case, as late as 1988, as the Soviet Union was nearing its collapse, Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev appeared to be trying to point a finger of blame for the AIDS epidemic in Africa in Germany's direction. Via Russian diplomatic channels and contacts in the former Belgian Congo, now Zaire, the Russian government had learned of a Zairean physician who had formerly worked for the West German OTRAG Corporation, or Orbital Transport and Missiles, AG. This doctor's OTRAG laboratory had been tasked with isolating viruses from the African green monkey that were capable of such rapid reproduction that it could destabilize the human immune system. The laboratory's assignment was to develop a mutant strain "that would be a human killer," since the green monkey variety was harmless to humans.
But it is really the OTRAG establishment in Zaire that is itself of the greatest interest, for it fits the pattern of postwar SS relationships with South American governments and false from corporations. OTRAG was granted a lease by the Mobutu government to 29,000 square miles of Zaire, a lease that gave OTRAG "complete sovereignty and control over the area." What was the purpose of this land? Ostensibly, it was to develop and test there cheap satellite launch capability for private industry, an application with obvious military overtones. In other words, what one has with the OTRAG-Zaire enclave is something like an Area 51, but owned by a private corporation. The enclave is nothing less than a testing facility for missiles and laboratories for biological, and presumably other types of weapons development.
According to the German Information Service of South Africa, OTRAG executives included former Nazis, some from the wartime V2 rocket project. This in itself should give one pause, for it indicates that German rocket research was continued, not just by former Nazis working for Von Braun's NASA in the USA, or building massive boosters for Korolev in the Soviet Union, but also for West Germany itself! Moreover, OTRAG's shares were subsidized by the West German government, Chancellor Helmut Schmidt's denials notwithstanding. Finally, it is a clear indication that OTRAG's purpose and goals were not simply to contrive cheap satellite launch capability, Penthouse magazine ran an expose of the German company, disclosing its ties to the Dornier and Messerschmitt-Belkow-Blohm aerospace and armaments firms which were quietly developing and testing German cruise missiles on OTRAG's Zaire range, with the aid of cruise missile technology provided to them by the American Boeing Corporation.17 Dornier and Messerschmitt were, of course, clearly tied to the Third Reich's war machine and had deep ties to its black projects.
Bormann 's Special Evacuation Command and the Link to the Kammlerstab
Carter Hydrick theorized that it was none other than Martin Bormann who arranged the surrender of the U-234 and its precious cargo of enriched uranium, infrared proximity fuses, heavy water, and possibly even atom bomb designs or an actual functioning atom bomb to the United States. [It should be noted that Hydrick does not maintain that the Nazis were successful in building and successfully testing an atom bomb during the war, much less of trying to transport blueprints or a functioning model to the Japanese in the U-234. Robert Wilcox in his Japan's Secret War, presents evidence that the Japanese successfully tested a bomb shortly after the bombing of Nagasaki. An infusion of actual bomb designs to the Japanese by the Germans late in the war might account for their relatively quick ability to develop and test a weapon under such difficult circumstances as the Japanese economy and military were in at the end of the war. However, it should also be noted that the Japanese had independently designed their own workable bomb along similar lines as existing German designs, as well as along the lines employed in the Little Boy Hiroshima bomb.]
Recent research by Nick Cook would tend to corroborate Bormann's role in, and therefore probable accurate knowledge of, the full scope and extent of Kammler's secret black projects empire. Bormann's position as controller of Nazi Party finances as well as of Hitler 's estate would have given him control over yet another source of funding for these projects, a source completely independent of the state.
It is in this total context both of Carter Hydrick's meticulous research, as well as of Bormann's own Rotes Haus plan for Nazi survival, that we may place Bormann's 1945 establishment of a special SS evacuation Kommando, an act that placed jurisdiction over the Ju 290 four engine and Ju 390 six engine heavy-lift ultra long range air transport of Luftwaffe Kampfgeschwader 200 under the direct control of none other than SS General Hans Kammler. The intention is clear: as much of the actual research files and equipment of the Kammlerstab as could be evacuated from Germany for destinations unknown was to be handled by Kammler personally. This special evacuation command held these aircraft in readiness near Lower Silesia in late 1945. By this point, Kammler's power, backed by the Reichsleiter himself, was so great that he could refuse a request by Reichsführer SS Himmler for the use of one of these aircraft.
Kammler, "with such aircraft at his disposal" would have been able to fly a large cargo of "documents, personnel and technology pretty much anywhere" that he wanted to. "Spain, South America - Argentina even -would have represented no problem to such a long-range platform." Cook himself quips, "What was the point of chasing Kammler, if he'd already shipped everything out?" This revelation, coming late in the story of research into Nazi Secret Weapons and the Nazi UFO Legend, gives a clear indication that more than just money, bullion, gems, art treasures or personnel were involved in Bormann's survival plan. Clearly, Bormann meant to preserve and continue the research already under way in the Reich by transplanting the technology and continuing its development elsewhere, either under independent Nazi control - as the various "survival" myths maintain
If Carter Hydrick is correct that it was Bormann's intention to surrender the bulk of this technology to the United States - and I believe he is - then this puts Himmler's last ditch and clumsy efforts to negotiate a separate peace with the Western Allies via Sweden into a new light. Himmler was perhaps offering them the vast cache of secrets he thought he controlled through Kammler's "think tank." It is very possible that the American intelligence community already knew of this treasure trove via their SS contacts through Allen Dulles and SS General Wolff, and had made "other arrangements" that included neither Himmler nor the British. Thus, by the time of Kammler's refusal to his SS boss to allow him the use of a Ju 290 or Ju 390, effective control and disposition of the SS black projects had slipped from Himmler's hands and into Bormann's. Himmler could neither surrender nor even barter for his life, because he had nothing left with which to bargain. Kammler, and Bormann, however, had a great deal to offer the Americans in exchange for their lives.
Paperclip, Compartmentalization, and Capitalization
According to Nick Cook, Operation Paperclip, the covert project to bring former Nazi scientists and engineers to the United States to work on America's own aerospace and military black projects after the war, was the primary beneficiary of the Kammlerstab's think tank secrets, blueprints, and patents. "The state within a state had been transported four thousand miles to the west and somehow, I just knew, Kammler had come with it. The intuitive feeling I'd experienced in all these years in obscure corners of the US aerospace and defence industry had suddenly acquired a face."
But an important question remains to be answered here. Could these Nazis have continued their lines of research quasi- independently, even while ostensibly working for the US military? Could they have again reconstituted themselves as a similar "state within a state," a black projects coordination office within the structures otherwise nominally under the control, of the American government and military?
Clearly, it would be difficult, especially if there were no means of independent financing of these projects, altogether apart from the US government's own "black budget." But we have already seen that a crucial component of Bormann's postwar survival and resuscitation plan was capitalization. Three conduits in particular were often utilized by O.D.E.S.S.A and other postwar Nazi secret organizations: (1) drugs and thereby organized crime, (2) the Church, i.e., various "ministries" within Protestantism and diverse religious orders and congregations within the Roman Catholic Church, and (3) false corporate fronts and dummy corporations, holding companies, and banking institutions. The United State, particularly in the last few decades, seems to have been a fertile ground for all three types of activity, at least in general terms.
As for maintaining the secrecy of such an independent and "occulted" entity, this is a solved problem, for the Manhattan Project was just such an entity, with only a very few at the highest echelons of its myriad compartmentalized "need-to-know" departments possessing the whole picture. In the postwar atmosphere, particularly with the Cold War ensuing, it may actually have been quite easy to accomplish. With US government defense contracts and black projects run increasingly on a cost-plus basis, all expenses for such research was funded, with an addition margin tacked on for corporate profit. This, added to the other genuinely off-the-books funding that Bormann and the SS envisioned, would have supplied twin sources of funding of almost limitless wealth.
But the most important consideration with respect to this question is the fact that the very classification and compartmentalization of black projects would itself operate as a favorable environment to run an "unofficial" black project within an "official" one. With projects split over several locations, its needed technologies farmed out to various companies, various departments of government, and coordinated from some secret center, it would seem a relatively easy, rather than difficult, thing to do.
The Nazi Party had been constituted, from its early secret society beginnings, and up until the very day of the German capitulation, as a state within a state. Within that structure, Himmler had constituted the SS as a state within the state within the state. And within that Kammler had assembled and coordinated a vast machinery of horror and weapons research that lived, parasitically, on the body of its host, the SS and the Party, themselves murderous parasites living off the misery of Germany and Europe. Kammler had done it once, and may very well have done it again, "with a little help from his friends." Perhaps President Dwight Eisenhower, when he warned of the morally and spiritually corrupting dangers of the military-industrial complex, had in mind a phenomenon that was not so much home-grown, as much as one that had been transplanted.
That Germany lost the Second World War is not in doubt. That Germans suffered as a result is obvious. Some suffered more than others. The rich suffered least. Few were surprised. That is the way of suffering, war or peace. The Poles, the French, the Belgians, the Dutch, the Serbs, et. al., and especially the Russians certainly suffered while they were losing. Then the tide turned. This is the way of war. Tides turn. Winning now is no guarantee against losing later. Somebody always loses eventually. Civilians start losing on day one.
The Wehrmacht lost the war. The Luftwaffe lost the war. The civilians lost the war. The Nazis, however, did not lose the war. The Nazis got away.
It is true that a tiny minority of individual Nazis lost the war. Göbbels, Göring, Kaltenbrunner, and the man claiming to be Hess lost the war. Perhaps it is even true that Hitler and Himmler lost the war as well, though forensic evidence to the effect is notably scant.
The Nazi Party and the S.S., as organizations, got away intact. They got away with the money, the Reichsbank treasury, $15,000,000,000 in 1945 money. This included the tooth gold. Guinness calls it the world's largest unsolved robbery. Then there was all the stolen art, pieces of which, to this day, occasionally surface. The Nazis did very well in the war, from a business viewpoint. War is a business. It is fought for material gain. The Nazis gained materially, and lived to spend it thus, they won the war. They did not win as much as they wanted to win, but who does? They did win a great deal. What they lost was territory. What they gained was treasure, new friends, and experience.
The treasure included a couple of U-boats full of bearer bonds, numbered stock shares and patent certificates.
... the hard core of Nazi wealth in Latin America. In 1944 a great treasure had been sent secretly across the Atlantic, the famous 'Bormann treasure.' Toward the end of 1943, Bormann gave orders for Aktion Feuerland "Operation Land of Fire" to begin. This operation involved the transport from Germany to Argentina of several tons of gold, some securities, shares, and works of art ...
... Several U-boats arrived in Argentine waters after the capitulation of Germany. They were the carriers of bundles of documents, industrial patents, and securities. On July 10, 1945, the U-530 surfaced at the mouth of the River Platte and entered the port of La Plata. The following month, on August 17, the U-977 also arrived at La Plata. In accordance with international conventions, both U-boats were interned by Argentina and later handed over to the United States authorities.
~The Avengers, by Michael Bar-Zohar, Hawthorn Books, 1967, p 101
To the surprise of few, they were found to be empty of treasure.
Two more U-boats, according to reliable sources, appeared off an uninhabited stretch of the coast of Patagonia between July 23, and 29, 1945.
~Ibid., p. 101
In occupied Germany one could neither vote with these shares nor could one collect interest, dividends, nor royalties. When (West) Germany again "took its place among the nations of the World" in 1955, the Bundestag immediately changed all this. The holders of these once worthless scraps of paper suddenly, once again, possessed incredibly wealth.
Consider the case of I.G. Farben:
David M. Nichol, of the Chicago Daily News Foreign Service, writing in 1947, observed:
The trial of I.G. Farben's leading officials for war crimes is like Topsy. It just 'growed.' It is still growing.
Some of the more starry-eyed in Nuernberg and throughout the world would like to see it as a crusade against "monopoly" and "big business." Others, including Farben's 24 crotchety and dyspeptic executives in the dock, believe it is purely persecution... .
.. No trial at all was planned in the beginning... .
... Investigating teams were interested in German finances, as such, in the possible sources of reparations for Nazi damages to other countries, and in tracing as much as possible of the loot that the Germans had concealed outside their borders.
Not the least of their interests was Farben's huge headquarters building in Frankfurt. Almost undamaged by bombs and fighting, it has served as the administration center for American occupation forces ever since... .
... German Army headquarters had ordered Farben's records destroyed. Many of them were. One official has compiled from memory a list of the most important ones he burned. It runs 14 pages of single space typing... ... A handful of officials, were held for detailed but routine questioning... . One of them in particular, 63-year-old Georg von Schnitzler, one time head of Farben's entire sales organization ... began to 'talk.' From Farben's standpoint, the damage was done... .
... Justice Robert W. Jackson, United States prosecutor for the original Nürnbrg trial against Göring and his mates felt industry was heavily involved in the crime with which the Nazi leaders were charged.
He proposed at first to include one Farben official among the defendants. But the case against Farben was so complex in itself that it might have overshadowed the more general charges. Gustav Krupp Von Bohlen und Halbach, Germany's gun maker for a half century was indicted instead.
But the aging Krupp upset the plans by taking so seriously ill that he could not be tried. An unsuccessful move was made to substitute his son. In the end, big business went unrepresented before the international tribunal, except indirectly through Hitler's financial wizard, Hjalmar Schacht. And Schacht was acquitted... .
... Meantime, the Farben officials themselves can't believe it has happened. They've been accustomed too long to dictating even to the Nazis... .
... Their American friends haven't come so far, except by mail. Letters are delivered in prison, but they go through regular censorship channels. In an effort to avoid this, some had been sent to prison officials through APO numbers, but these have been returned.
~Oakland Tribune, 11/2/47
I.G. Farben was broken up (on paper) into nine companies: the Big Three (Bayer, BASF, Hoechst) and nine smaller firms, including Agfa, Kalle, Casella, and Huels. Those in Allied countries who demanded the dissolution of I.G. 'as one means of ensuring world peace' were bitterly disappointed.
The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben, by Joseph Borkin, The Free Press, A Division of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. 1978, p 160
When these firms, still owned and controlled by the same families, organizations and in many cases the same individuals, are considered as a whole, I.G. Farben is bigger and more powerful than ever.
Corporate camouflage, the art of concealing foreign properties from enemy governments, has a special place in the history of I.G. Farben. Unlike I.G.'s involvement in mass murder and slave labor, which was a wartime aberration, I.G.'s program of camouflage long predated and outlived the war. Its political effects will persist for years to come.
~Ibid., p 164
In German they call this Tarnung, the magic hood that renders its wearer invisible. Camouflage really does work. It's still working.
Consider the case of party member Hermann Schmitz, who became the chairman of Farben's managing board in 1935.
It is a good bet that if Hermann Schmitz were alive today he would bear witness as to who really won. Schmitz died contented, having witnessed the resurgence of I.G. Farben, albeit in altered corporate forms, a money machine that continues to generate profits for all the old I.G. shareholders and enormous international power for the German cadre directing the workings of the successor firms. To all appearances he died in relatively reduced circumstances, in 1960, at the age of seventy-nine, though immensely wealthy during his lifetime. Any information about his fortune seemingly vanished with his death; but those who knew him believe it still exists. He was the master manipulator, the corporate and financial wizard, the magician who could make money appear and disappear, and reappear again.
... Schmitz's wealth largely I.G. Farben bearer bonds converted to the Big Three successor firms, shares in Standard Oil of New Jersey (equal to those held by the Rockefellers), General Motors, and other U.S. blue chip industrial stocks, and the 700 secret companies controlled in his time by I.G., as well as shares in the 750 corporations he helped Bormann establish during the last year of World War II has increased in all segments of the modern industrial world. The Bormann organization in South America utilizes the voting power of the Schmitz trust along with their own assets to guide the multinationals they control, as they keep steady the economic course of the Fatherland.
... the resurgence of West Germany was due to hard work by its people, assistance from the Marshall Plan, an infusion of buying orders from the United States military establishment during the Korean War, and a(n) ... economic policy that enabled business and industry to wheel and deal in world markets and come up with profits ... Allowing business to have its head was, to go back, the formula adopted by Hitler during the 1930s; he harnessed the people instead of nationalizing industry ...
Martin Bormann, Nazi in Exile, by Paul Manning, Lyle Stuart, 1981, pp. 280-281
It is also true that the resurgence of West Germany was financed in part by Nazi blood money, some of it looted with pliers from the mouths of its rightful owners.
It is easy and profitable to blame a dead, "crazy" man for one's mistakes and crimes. Consider, for example, the enormous mileage the Contras and their friends got out of CIA chief Bill Casey's convenient demise. Hitler has assumed mythic proportions since his death. In life, he was mainly a front man, a mouthpiece, a lightning rod, and above all, the Nazi's "great communicator."
While the masses worshipped him like a god, his friends plotted behind his back, used him as a cat's paw and scapegoat, and (perhaps) cynically sacrificed him to save their own skins and fortune. Hitler had cleverly parlayed his position as figurehead into control over the military by rewording the soldiers oath. However, military power has always been subordinate to economic power, if for no other reason than because lead cannot be mined with bayonets. The purse strings of the Nazi Party were controlled by Bormann, and Bormann got away. So did the purse.
... the alleged Bormann skull is that of a grisly stand-in a substitute ...
.. Substituting one body for another has been a ploy much used by General Heinrich Müller of the Gestapo. It was he who coordinated the details of Bormann's disappearance.~Ibid
When Müller's grave was exhumed by court order in 1963, the grave held three skeletons, none of which even remotely resembled Müller's short stature and high forehead.
... it was Mr. Brandt and his government that provided Martin Bormann with what amounted to a 'passport to freedom' in 1973 by stating that the former Hitler aide had perished in Berlin in 1945.
~Ibid, p 227
Bormann had help from his friends. Consider, if you will, Herman Abs:
While Germany's bankers were collectively responsible for the financing of Hitler's war effort, the dean of them all is Herman Josef Abs. Money was his life, and his astuteness in banking and international financial manipulations enabled Deutsche Bank to serve as leader in fuelling the ambitions and accomplishments of Adolf Hitler and Martin Bormann. His dominance was retained when the Federal Republic of Germany picked itself up from the ashes; he was still there as chairman of Deutsche Bank, director of I.G Farben, and of such others as Daimler-Benz and the giant electrical conglomerate, Siemans. Abs became a financial advisor to the first West German chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, and was a welcome visitor in the Federal Chancellery under Mr. Adenauer's successors, Ludwig Erhard and Kurt George Kiesinger ... ... (Bormann's) friendship with Dr. Herman Josef Abs predated Abs's move into the management of Deutsche Bank. Dr. Abs had been a partner in the prestigious private bank of Delbruck, Schickler & Co. in Berlin. Recalling those days, Abs has written:
'The Reich Chancellery in Berlin was its largest account, and it was through this account that Adolf Hitler received his salary as Chancellor of the Reich.'
... Reichsleiter Bormann knew that his relationship with Abs would tighten as his own power grew ... He knew in 1943 that with his Nazi banking committee well established, he had the means to ... set new Nazi state policy when the time was ripe for the general transfer of capital, gold, stocks, and bearer bonds to safety in neutral nations.
Ibid, p 87
History has largely ignored bankers in favour of other subjects. History, and those who write it (and their masters) apparently want us to think politicians and generals are more important to the state. Bankers, of course, feel differently. They tend, and not with out reason, to be as furtive as much as possible. While we are cheering the politicians and saluting the generals, we are not noticing the bankers, who are picking our pockets. This suits the bankers' ends, thus history slants their relative importance.
Baron Kurt von Schröder, a well-known banker ... and economic advisor to Bormann's economic committee, commented that Dr. Herman Josef Abs, chairman of Deutsche Bank, was particularly important to the government of the Third Reich.
His influence was mainly with the Reichsbank and with the Ministry of Economics. Abs proved very valuable to the party and to the government by using his bank to assist the government in doing business in the occupied countries and other foreign countries. Abs enjoyed excellent relations with Walther Funk, who was both president of the Reichsbank and head of the Ministry of Economics ...
... Branch managers of Deutsche Bank were to a man members of the party ...
~Ibid., p 69
This is the same Hermann Abs who was chosen by Pope John Paul II to oversee the reorganization of the Vatican Bank when it was caught red-handed laundering counterfeit securities and heroin profits for the Gambino crime family. It is worth noting that in his youth J.P. II was, according to the official version, once a slave labourer for I.G. Solvay, a Farben subsidiary specializing primarily in pharmaceuticals. He is supposed to have laboured in the Solvay quarries near Auschwitz. It's a rare slave indeed who becomes pope at all, let alone then hires his former master to keep track of his money. Wonders truly never cease.
It is equally worthy of note that despite the name, dyes alone were not the source of the wealth upon which I.G. Farben was founded. Pharmaceuticals played a major rule.
In 1898 ... the Bayer Company ... began mass production of diacetylmorphine and coined the trade name heroin to market the new remedy ... Bayer described heroin as a non-addictive panacea for adult ailments and infant respiratory diseases...
... During the late nineteenth century, the same manufacture also promoted another narcotic, cocaine.
~The Politics of Heroin in South East Asia
If one overlooks its narrow threshold to LD50 range, its price, and its addictive properties, heroin does indeed make a dandy cough remedy. It is the only known cure for the common cold. In the long run, though, you're better off with the cold. Cocaine is totally useless.
In October 1978 the Marshall Foundation was utilized as a platform for Dr. Herman J. Abs, now honorary president of Deutsche Bank A.G. as he addressed a meeting of businessmen and Bankers and members of the Foreign Policy Association in New York City on the 'Problems and Prospects of American-German Economic Co-operation.' This luncheon was chaired by his old friend, John J. McCloy, Wall Street banker and lawyer, who had worked closely with Dr. Abs when McCloy served as U.S. High Commissioner for Germany during those postwar reconstruction years. At that time, Hermann Abs, as chief executive of Deutsche Bank was also directing the spending of America's Marshall Plan money in West Germany as the chairman of the Reconstruction Loan Corporation of the Federal Republic of Germany.
~Manning, p 261
This is the same McCloy who designed the Pentagon building and served on the Warren Commission. While Undersecretary of War, he had forbidden bombing of the rail lines to Auschwitz on the grounds that it might provoke retaliation against the Jews. One cannot but wonder what he had in mind.
Auschwitz was intended, first and foremost, to be a synthetic rubber and synthetic fuel factory complex. The more well-known dead Jews were to be merely a by-product. Abs had arranged the financing of its construction. In charge of synthetic rubber production was Otto Ambros, who also developed the root technology on which magnetic data storage is based. He was convicted of 25,000 counts of slavery and mass murder, and was sentenced to eight years in prison. After three and a half years, McCloy freed him. The head of the W.R. Grace & Co., J. Peter Grace (a Knight of Malta) hired Ambros as a research chemist and petitioned Congress to allow his emigration to the United States. This is the same J. Peter Grace who President Reagan appointed to head the so-called "Grace Commission" to make the United States government more "efficient."
Grace: 'I admire Ambros’ integrity.'
Hermann Schmitz's nephew, Robert was employed by W.R. Grace & Co. in the early 1950s to help in its plans for diversification. W.R. Grace paid alleged cocaine dealer John DeLorean $25,000 a month as a consultant. Delorean advised W.R. to invest in a luxury RV project. Grace is reported to have dropped a $1,000,000 on the project. The RV never materialized.
Companies are known by the people they keep.
The Assistant Secretary of War, until 1940 was a member of the law firm of Cravath, de Gersdorff, Swain & Wood, which firm ... had been representing I.G. Farben or its affiliates in the United States. It may appear to be a coincidence that Mr. McCloy should have turned up in the War Department in 1941 in a position in which he could speak with authority on such matters as handling the destruction of that mainstay of Germany's war potential I.G. Farben.
~Treason's Peace, by Howard Watson Armbruster, Beechurst Press, New York, 1947, p 386
Consider the Flicks:
Friedrich Flick, the Howard Hughes of West Germany's mighty postwar industrialists, was a man of few public words. But when he spoke people remembered.
Defending his financial support of the Nazi party at the Nuremberg war-crime trials, Mr. Flick uttered one of the most quoted statements of the day: 'I was of the opinion necessarily, that political insurance would not do me any harm.' And hardly any of the men who worked for him could ever forget Mr. Flick's guiding business motto: 'Either change the numbers or the faces.'
The one paying the closest attention to the words of 'the old gentleman' was his son, Friedrich Flick, who has been adhering to every letter of those precepts since taking over this country's largest family-owned concern after his father died in 1972. Friedrich Karl dared to make one change replacing the picture of Bismarck that had hung in his father's office with a portrait of Dad himself but otherwise it has been pretty much like father, like son... .
... The son's most audacious move was to sell a 29 percent stake in Daimler-Benz AG, the maker of Mercedes cars, to Deutsche Bank in 1975 for $789.77 million, which amounted to a huge capital gain of $714.55 million on what his father had paid for 40 percent of Daimler stock in the early 1950s.
Under West German law, the profit from the Daimler transaction would have normally been taxed at a rate of 56 percent unless Flick reinvested the money before the end of 1978 in projects judged by the government to be 'especially beneficial to the national economy.' Mr. Flick went on a rapid spending spree, and although more than half the money flowed into the U.S., including some $400 million for a 29 percent stake in W.R. Grace & Co. of New York, the West German Economics Ministry granted tax-exempt status to all but a fraction of the new investments.
~The Wall Street Journal, 9/21/83
Then there are the Thyssens.
... the Thyssen family learned the facts of corporate life at an early age. Count Fredrico Zichy-Thyssen acquired his knowledge from grandfather Fritz Thyssen; his cousin Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza acquired similar corporate wisdom from his father, old Fritz's brother, Heinrich Thyssen. The latter became Baron Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza and took up residence in Lugano, Switzerland, gaining Swiss citizenship. As Count Zichy represents the largest shareholder group in Thyssen A.G. From his home in Buenos Aires, the young baron directs his interest from his Villa Favorita in Lugano.
One such holding in the United States is Indian Head Inc., with American corporate headquarters at 1200 Avenue of the Americas, New York City. Thyssen Inc. has its U.S. offices farther down this avenue at number 1114, in the W.R. Grace & Co. building. Indian Head is a wide-ranging manufacturing conglomerate, with 42 plants in the United States and 10,400 employees. It enjoys annual net sales of close to $604 million. For an industrial corporation of such size it has a remarkably low profile. It distributes no annual report 'We are a privately held corporation.' Like Thyssen Inc. in the United States it has no background ownership file with the SEC because it has never had to go public. When Thyssen bought Budd Manufacturing for $275 million, it was in cash, and there was no requirement for corporate disclosures to the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Still, good will is cherished, and German industrials and bankers continue to strive to project a friendly German image in the United States. One noteworthy announcement, made from Washington, D.C., in March 1979 was that 57 priceless Old Masters paintings from the collection of Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza would be taken on a tour of the United States in 1979 and 1980. This collection of great masterworks is said to be except for the Royal Collection of the queen of England the greatest private art collection now in existence. This public traveling exhibit constituted a major achievement as a public relations ploy. Ever cautious, however, no German firm underwrote the tour: Indian Head kept out of the picture. Instead, a major U.S. corporation was chosen to underwrite the masterworks tour, United Technologies of Hartford, Connecticut (152,000 employees, 200 plants, and a worldwide marketing operation in power, flight systems, industrial products and services), agreed to underwrite the cost of the venture as a favour to its German friend in Lugano, Switzerland. The project was initiated from Lugano; the baron, after consulting with his corporate image advisors, agreed to United Technologies rather than Indian Head with its hidden shareholders. The foundation that made all the arrangements was another privately endowed, non-profit organization, International Exhibitions Foundation. It made the approach to United Technologies and also brought aboard the prestigious Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Federal Council on the Arts and Humanities.
~Manning, p 263
The Mellons, Morgans and DuPonts have been a close-knit financial axis for generations. In 1936, they attempted to finance a coup d'etat in America. The plot was foiled by retired Marine Corps commandant Smedley Butler whom they had approached as a potential front man, offering to make him the "American Mussolini." He snitched them out to F.D.R. Though congressional hearings were held, nobody hung, and some of the testimony was suppressed for years. They had the right friends. Money might not buy happiness, but it sure as hell does buy friends.
For a revealing account of the '36 coup attempt read The Plot to Steal the White House, by Jules Archer. For a contemporary's account of the testimony suppression, see: Facts and Fascism , by George Seldes, In Fact, Inc., 1943, pp. 111-114.
... in June 1943 antitrust again went into action against Farben with a lengthy indictment of National Lead Company, Titan Company and du Pont, along with four of their officers, for having engaged in a world-wide cartel conspiracy with I.G. Farben and some twenty other foreign companies to restrain the production and distribution of titanium and titanium compounds. These pigments for the manufacture of paints, rubber, glass, paper, and other articles are important in peace and are strategic war materials... .
... the law firm of Cravath, Swaine and Moore, representing du Pont ...
~Armbruster, p 345
... the J. Henry Schroder bank acted as financial agent for the Nazi Government just prior to the start of the war and also was reported to be a financial backer for one of the firms in Farben's international nitrogen cartel; also the London Schröder had close business and family ties with the notorious General Kurt von Schroeder, of the Stein Bank of Cologne, Germany, that particular member of the Schroeder clan having been one of the strongest financial links between Hitler and his Farben industrial backers.
By another coincidence, Sullivan & Cromwell, the law firm of John Foster Dulles (advisor to Mr. Crowley as Custodian and Counsel for General Dyestuffs stock claimants), is reported to be counsel for Schroder bank; and Allen W. Dulles, brother of John Foster and a member of that law firm, likewise is one of the directors of the J. Henry Schröder bank.
~Ibid., p 366
More than Nazi money went underground.
... Himmler was quoted as summing up his talk with Bormann to his most trusted lieutenants in these words: 'It is possible that Germany will be defeated on the military front. It is even possible that she may have to capitulate. But never must the National Socialist German Workers' Party capitulate. That is what we have to work for from now on.'
~The Nazis Go Underground, by Curt Riass, Doubleday, Doran, and Co., Inc.1944, p. 4-5
"Ex"-S.S. men infiltrated, among other things, every major intelligence apparatus on earth. They have been major players in postwar history. Spymaster Reinhardt Gehlen, for example, created the rationale for starting the Cold War out of whole cloth. As we now know, had the Red Army actually been intending to continue their drive westward, as Gehlen said they did, they would not have been tearing up railroad track in front of themselves. They relied heavily on rail to transport their troops. Our leaders didn't know; they believed Gehlen, and acted accordingly. Or they knew, and they lied to us. There is no third possibility. This comes as no surprise to those who have actually studied war.
Truth is the first casualty.
Adolf Hitler's top intelligence officials worked with U.S. intelligence officials during World War II, according to a transcript made available Tuesday of secret testimony by Allen Dulles before a House Select committee in 1947.
This is the same Dulles who served on the Warren Commission, investigating the assassination of the President who had fired him just prior to the murder in Dallas that enabled the success of the coup of '63. It is interesting to note that Dulles's law firm, Cromwell and Sullivan, also represented I.G. Farben before the War.
The S.S. was designed from inception to stand alone, a thing apart. It was, and is, more of a religious institution than a political or military one. Think of it as one of those "cults that kill."
Shadows of its continued existence can be seen in the various "ex"-S.S. officer's benevolent associations: the Odessa, Die Spinne, the "Kommeradenwerk," etc., in such mercenary armies as the "Fiancées of Death," and in the "various" cocaine cartels. Now they wear white shirts; camouflage works again. The organization lives on, though the "old fighters" have by and large died off. They had no more trouble recruiting new blood than they had finding new soil. The organization is stronger than ever. It too is a business. In part, its business is protection. "Ex"-S.S men flooded South America, where they were met with open arms. They took over day to day operation of the lucrative cocaine trade. Germans have maintained a monopoly on the South American pharmaceutical business since the middle of the last century. Their fortunes have multiplied enormously. One good alchemist is worth a forest of knights.
Dr. Josef Mengele, the Nazi 'angel of death,' was a major dealer in the international drug traffic for many years ... according to testimony in a U.S. Senate investigation ...
... Because of the partial blackout of the CIA reports, the senators said, many questions are unanswered.
It is difficult to determine to what extent ... U.S. agencies attempted on a serious determined basis to bring Mengele to Justice.
... The CIA unit, which had prepared an article on Mengele's activities for the International Narcotics Review, withdrew the article, which has since been 'misplaced.'
It is difficult to believe that any U.S. agency made a serious attempt to bring Mengele to justice, or justice to him, until it was too late.
... according to declassified CIA documents released by two Republican senators:
Mengele's reported involvement in drugs could explain how he was able to finance his life and travels in South America for years, according to one of the senators, Alphonse M. D'Amato of New York. One CIA document said Mengele may have used a farm machinery business in Paraguay 'as a mechanism to move or launder large sums of money, as well as to cover the movement of illicit narcotics.'
But the 28 heavily censored pages of long hidden CIA records were often vague and inconclusive, D'Amato and Sen. Arlen K. Specter of Pennsylvania acknowledged at a news conference. Because many sentences were blacked out to conceal the CIA's sources of information about Mengele, it is difficult to determine what data in the documents might be credible ...
... Referring to the documents, Specter said, 'They're vague, but that's the starting point for our investigation.'
~Los Angeles Times News Service, 2/27/85
Vague, censored documents are a not unfamiliar concept to Specter who was once counsel for the Warren Commission.
Some of the CIA documents and cables spoke of Mengele living at 'a well-guarded ranch' and enjoying 'the protection of Stroessner' a reference to Paraguayan dictator Walter Stroessner.
The coca-fascistas are major players on the world economic stage. With all that money, how could they not be? Their money buys a lot of protection. Their power is immense. Their intentions have been made abundantly clear to all those who pay attention.
Nazi roots run deep in Paraguay. Paraguay, became home to South America's first Nazi party, in 1929. Not all Nazis are German. Not all German Nazis are in exile.
Following the biggest ever crackdown on neo-Nazis in West Germany, authorities have uncovered a web of international right-wing contacts stretching from the United States through Europe that also touched the PLO and Iran.
The network came to light in a diary police seized from a leading West German neo-Nazi, Manfred Röder...
Röder and Karl-Hienze Hoffman, leader of a neo-Nazi group banned last year, also had contacts in Lebanon ...
... Hoffman has for several years sold second-hand military vehicles to Lebanon and other Middle East countries.
One such shipment was seized on the Austrian border after a young member of Hoffman's group planted a bomb at the Munich Oktoberfest last September, blowing himself up and killing 12 others.
~Mainichi (Tokyo) Daily News, 3/31/81
The raids turned up thousands of banned neo-Nazi and anti-Semetic pamphlets smuggled from the United States and Canada.
~Houston Post, 3/31/81
Don't believe for one moment that the storm troopers we have been seeing on the evening news, rioting in the streets of modern Germany, are a new phenomenon, or that they arose solely out of reaction to the seizure of East Germany's economy by the West. They have deep historical roots. They have very powerful friends.
Who is behind the resurgence of fascism in Russia and America? Are we seeing the simultaneous rise of spontaneous, indigenous movements? Or are we looking at a coordinated effort? To answer this question, first consider the proclivity and aptitude of the fascist, and particularly the Nazi, underground to undertake coordinated efforts out of the light of day. Consider their track record. Then ask yourself what we are going to do when they make their big move here.
The camps are already built. The paint is kept fresh. The grass is neatly trimmed. The round up plan, code named Rex 84, is ready to go. Administration is to be handled through FEMA. The plan was drawn up mainly by Ollie North, when he was still in power. He drew heavily on a plan from the sixties called Operation Garden Plot. Ollie's first plan, Rex 83, was run in computer simulation and found lacking in man power.
Bodies called State Defence Forces were then set up to supplement law enforcement and the national guard. They are to be essentially armed and deputized civilians. Cadre elements meet and train regularly. They are recruited from the fascist/racist para-militaries, and from the floating pool of freelance mercenaries who advertise in Soldier of Fortune magazine. Some suspicious types have considered the possibility that the name itself may be an allusion to the infamous "King Alfred Plan" to round up Americans of African descent.
Rex 84 was originally drawn up to deal with the expected massive resistance to a planned invasion of Central America. America stuck its toe in the water. Operation Big Pine was an "exercise" involving the landing of 60,000 troops just north of the Nicaraguan border. The degree of protest it sparked caused the government to back down. In San Francisco we filled the streets four nights in one week. The extent of protest in other cities was blacked out of national, though not local news. The most reliable reports were on the Internet. Broadcast journalism was grossly disfeasant, but the protests spread anyhow. They were clearly not "copy-cat" protests. They were spontaneous, sincere and broad-based. No wonder the crypto-fascists (and their so-called "democratic" interventionist allies) in government backed down. Home front resistance to American fighting on the ground in Central America would have been massive.
Nevertheless, Rex 84 is still ready to go in case wide spread civil unrest results from the clamp down following, oh say, a coup, perhaps introduced by a Reichstag-Fire-like fake (nuclear? biological?) terrorist incident. This is a time-tested scenario. Better to be prepared for it than not. Fascism is not a dead threat. Fascism is alive and well and not just living in Argentina. Fascists, Nazis, Klansmen and their new found allies the totalitarian (so-called) "Christian" Right have infiltrated America's government, military, law enforcement, and business at every level from the cop on the corner to the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
If their official plan, the one they admit to, calls then for "dissidents" to have their doors kicked in by a bunch of deputized Klansmen and Nazis, you can imagine what it is that they plan but do not admit also. The lesson of history is clear. These people are cold-blooded killers. They are ruthless, tenacious, and very well financed. They are adept liars and past masters of camouflage. Today they wear white shirts, but only for effect. Under their Tarnung they are who they ever were. Best to plan with that in mind.